The group recommended that women who want to become pregnant, are pregnant or are breastfeeding should eat a minimum of 12oz per week of fish like salmon, tuna, sardines and mackerel, and can do so safely. The group found that eating fish is the optimal way to gain the benefits of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Seafood is the richest dietary source of DHA and EPA in Americans' diets. The group also recognized that selenium, an essential mineral found in certain ocean fish, accumulates and appears to protect against the toxicity from trace amounts of mercury.
"The group reviewed recent scientific studies and found a link between ocean fish consumption and advanced cognitive and motor skill development in children," said group member Ashley S. Roman, MD, MPH, assistant professor of Obstetrics & Gynecology at the New York University Medical Center, who is also a mom. "Some data also shows a connection with reduced pre-term labor and post-partum depression in mothers who ate ocean fish when pregnant."
With data increasingly showing that pregnant women are eating less fish, the risks of nutritional deficiencies are growing. "Eating adequate amounts of fish during pregnancy is a nutritional and public health issue," said Judy Meehan, executive director of HMHB. "Patients and doctors alike must be better educated about the safety and importance of maternal food choices in optimizing pregnancy and childhood outcomes."
In order to better understand the impact of the FDA/EPA advisory on pregnant women's seafood consumption, a study by Dr. William Goodnight et al. was conducted in 2007 at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC). The research found that awareness of the advisory's warning drove 56% of pregnant women to needlessly reduce fish consumption -- to levels well below beneficial amounts -- out of fear it may harm their developing baby.
On a national level, HMHB surveyed women who are pregnant for the first time about their attitudes regarding consumption of fish during pregnancy. The findings, which were similar to those of MUSC's, show that 53% of these women are eating less fish during pregnancy because of warnings about mercury.
"We know from our research that pregnant women are concerned about eating seafood and hope that our science-based recommendations will give women who are pregnant, nursing or planning to become pregnant, the confidence that they are doing the right thing for their health -- and the health of their children -- by including fish in their diets," said Dr. Roger Newman, Maternal Nutrition Group member, professor and vice chairman for Academic Affairs & Women's Health Research Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of South Carolina.
For more information about the findings and recommendations of the Maternal Nutrition Group, please visit http://www.brainybabieshealthykids.org/.
From the October 8, 2007, Prepared Foods e-Flash