April 18/Food Hydrocolloids -- In "Modifications of Soy Protein Isolates Using Combined Extrusion Pre-treatment and Controlled Enzymatic Hydrolysis for Improved Emulsifying Properties," appearing in the July 2011 issue of Food Hydrocolloids, Lin Chen, Jianshe Chen, Jiaoyan Ren, Mouming Zhao investigated the effects of combined extrusion pre-treatment and controlled enzymatic hydrolysis on the physico-chemical properties and emulsifying properties of soy protein isolates (SPI). Results showed that extrusion pre-treatment caused a marked improvement in the accessibility of SPI to enzymatic hydrolysis, resulting in changes in degree of hydrolysis (DH), protein solubility (PS), surface hydrophobicity (H0) and molecular weight distributions (MWD) for ESPIH (extrusion pre-treated SPI hydrolysates). 

 

It was observed that emulsion systems formed by control SPI or SPIH (SPI hydrolysates) (20% v/v oil, 1.6% w/v emulsifier, and pH 7.0) were unstable over a quiescent storage period of 21 days, due to bridging flocculation and creaming. However, ESPIH (9.1% DH) was capable of producing a very fine emulsion (d32 = 0.42 µm, d43 = 2.01 µm) which remained stable over a long term quiescent storage. Various surface properties of ESPIH products have also been studied in relation to DH and emulsifying functionalities.

It was suggested that significantly increased protein solubility and decreased molecular weight could be the main reasons for the greatly improved emulsifying capability of ESPIH. This study demonstrated that modified soy protein could be an excellent emulsifying agent for food and other applications. It also demonstrated that combined extrusion pre-treatment and enzymatic hydrolysis could be a highly effective method for functionality modification of globular proteins.

From the April 18, 2011,Prepared Foods' Daily News