Study Confirms Consumer Expectations for "Natural" Meat, Poultry Labels
Consumers do not believe chicken pumped with added saltwater solutions should display a “natural" label
New consumer research shows that most consumers look for "Natural" labels when they shop for groceries. However, fewer than half of those consumers trust "Natural" label claims on food products. The Truthful Labeling Coalition (TLC) is releasing a new consumer study confirming that almost 3 in 4 consumers believe that fresh chicken labeled "Natural" should not be pumped with added saltwater and seaweed extract solutions.
In 2004, several poultry processors persuaded USDA to begin allowing "Natural" labels on saltwater-pumped poultry. Today, USDA estimates that today about 25% of all ready-to-cook poultry products are so-called "enhanced" with added saltwater solutions, most of which goes unnoticed by the average consumer because of the "Natural" label. Despite a chorus of criticism, including a 2004 report from the National Institute of Standards and Technology that found the labeling was "ineffective at best, and misleading at worst," USDA has not tightened its rules on "Natural" labels.
For the last seven years, the Truthful Labeling Coalition has fought for clear and truthful labeling on USDA-inspected meat and poultry products. In December 2014, USDA finalized a rule that will require improved labeling of so-called "enhanced" meat and poultry products.
However, USDA is still allowing these saltwater-enhanced products to carry the "Natural" label. It was common practice in the industry to use "enhanced" to describe products pumped with up to 15% saltwater; however it's the use of "Natural" on the label of these products that's at issue. This is because saltwater vastly increases the sodium content of the meat and poultry. For example, one serving of chicken without the added saltwater should contain only about 60 mg of sodium. Pumped full of saltwater, that same serving can have as much as 400 mg of sodium. In addition to creating obvious health concerns for many, saltwater also increases the weight, so that consumers pay more. One study found that consumers are spending almost $2 billion every year for all of the added saltwater weight.