“Have it your way” well describes the expectations of today’s consumers. The capability to customize a product to meet individual needs often gives that product a competitive advantage. As interest in healthy eating and dietary supplements continues, products designed to address specific health concerns attract customers wishing assistance with those issues. While nutritional knowledge provides general formulation guidelines, ingredients shown to be of particular benefit attract formulators and consumers alike.

A plethora of demographic, clinical and animal research provides hints as to the health value of some components, while other ingredients enjoy virtually unwavering research supporting their use. The following reference, segmented into various health conditions, updates readers on both recently published ingredient health research in peer-reviewed journals and on commercially available ingredients for use in nutritional products and functional foods.

 

  • Bone & Joint health
  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular health
  • Cognitive health
  • Diabetic benefits
  • Digestive health
  • Energy and/or Sports performance
  • Eye health
  • Immunity
  • Weight control
  • General health
BONE AND JOINT HEALTH
Studies investigating the ability of soy isoflavones, plant phytoestrogens with weak estrogen-like effects, to improve bone density have produced mixed results. However, a 2007 study by Japanese researchers that looked at biomarkers associated with osteoporosis gave support that the aglycone form of soy isoflavones (a form of reportedly good bioavailability) may have potential benefits for both bone health and diabetes. In a randomized, independent, parallel double-blind study with 56 post-menopausal women, one group was given a fermented soybean soup that provided 24mg of aglycone per day, while another group received a placebo soup. After four weeks, the isoflavone-supplemented group had significantly increased levels of the isoflavone in the urine compared to the placebo group. The supplement group also had increased urine excretion of deoxypyridinoline, a marker for bone resorption (that is, weakening) and increased [blood] levels of osteocalcin, a marker of bone formation. Additionally, blood levels of insulin were significantly lower after the four weeks of supplementation, while blood glucose levels were similar in the groups. (Mori, M, et al. 2007. Isoflavones as putative anti-aging food factors in Asia and effects of isoflavone aglycone-rich fermented soybeans on bone and glucose metabolisms in post-menopausal women. Geriatrics & Gerontology International. Vol. 8:S8-S15.)

In another two-year study with 307 healthy children, improved vitamin K status was associated with a marked increase in total body bone mineral content. (van Summeren, MJH, et al. 2008. Vitamin K status is associated with childhood bone mineral content. Br J Nutr. 100:852-8.) Also, higher salt consumption was associated with increased risk of osteoporosis in one British study. The small study found that women receiving 1,300mg of a calcium supplement per day were in a negative calcium balance, if they also consumed 11g of salt. (Teucher B, et al. 2008. Sodium and bone health: impact of moderately high and low salt intakes on calcium metabolism in postmenopausal women. J Bone Miner Res. 23:1477-85.)

Revolution in Joint Health

GELITA provides the new remedy for joint problems. FORTIGEL®, comprising Bioactive Collagen Peptides®, is a new and promising agent for counteracting the progressive loss of joint cartilage caused by degenerative joint diseases. The effect of FORTIGEL to promote the regeneration of cartilage tissue by stimulating cartilage synthesizing cells has been confirmed in numerous international preclinical and clinical studies conducted by independent and renowned research institutes. FORTIGEL can be easily formulated in a wide range of products, from liquid or solid dietary supplements to enriched food products. GELITA, Markus Lechtenfeld, +49 6271 842109, Markus.Lechtenfeld@gelita.com, www.GELITA.com

Fast Joint Therapy

UC-II is a revolutionary, all-natural ingredient designed for joint pain relief. What is so different? For nearly 43 million Americans who suffer from joint discomfort from osteoarthritis, UC-II is a breakthrough product that provides complete, fast-acting joint therapy in one small, 40mg capsule taken just once daily. New clinical studies show that UC-II is clinically proven to repair and rebuild joint cartilage with no known side effects. In fact, its small dose is more than two times as effective as 2,700mg of glucosamine and chondroitin in reducing joint pain and stiffness. InterHealth Nutraceuticals Inc., Jay Martin, 800-783-4636, www.interhealthusa.com

Protecting Cartilage

TandemRain Innovations is the exclusive marketer of ActivMSM, the first and only GRAS-designated methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) product, supported by U.S. clinical research to promote joint health by reducing inflammation and protecting articular cartilage. Its formulation into foods and beverages provides long-term health benefits of MSM, without the inconvenience of taking multiple pills. TandemRain Innovations will work with companies interested in this proprietary offering, helping them to develop ActivMSM into exclusive formulations for functional foods and beverages. TandemRain Innovations, Brian Peotter, 360-606-4806, bpeotter@tandemrain.com, www.tandemrain.com

CANCER RISK

Two recent studies support the concept that flavonoids may play a role in preventing colorectal cancer. Researchers from the National Cancer Institute, using the USDA’s flavonoid database (www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm?docid=6231), quantified intake of total flavonoids, six flavonoid subgroups and 29 specific flavonoids in the diets of over 2,000 men and women. As participants in the Polyp Prevention Trial, the adults were randomly assigned to either a group that was to consume a “healthy” diet or a “normal” diet. The Polyp Prevention Trial looked at the recurrence of pre-cancerous polyps in the rectum and colon. With the help of food frequency questionnaires, the researchers then analyzed amounts of dietary flavonoids consumed. After adjusting for various factors, such as age and dietary fiber consumption, the study found no benefit in higher total flavonoid consumption. However, when more flavonols (a subgroup of flavonoids) were consumed, there was a 76% reduction in recurrence of advanced tumors. Beans, onions, apples and tea have higher concentrations of such flavonols. Lesser benefits were found between increased intakes of kaempferol or genistein (an isoflavone found in soybeans). (Bobe G, et al. 2008. Dietary flavonoids and colorectal adenoma recurrence in the polyp prevention trial. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention. 17:1344-1353.)

In another study, polyphenol blood levels were analyzed in a group of 988 people, of whom half had gastric cancer. High levels of one type of polyphenol, epicatechin gallate (ECG), was linked to a 75% risk reduction of gastric cancer in women, but this particular study found an increased risk in men with high blood levels of ECG. Three other types of polyphenols found in fresh tea leaves include epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), epigallocatechin (EGC) and epicatechin (EC). (Sasazuki, S, et al. 2008. Plasma tea polyphenols and gastric cancer risk: a case-control study nested in a large population-based prospective study in Japan. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. 17:343-351.) Two more unrelated studies gave support to the benefits of increased vitamin D/calcium consumption and decreased risk of colon cancer. One involved 92 people, who were given daily calcium and/or vitamin D3 supplements. Levels of a beneficial biomarker, BAX protein, increased with both calcium and/or vitamin D3 supplementation. (Fedirko, V, et al. Effect of vitamin D and calcium supplementation on markers of apoptosis in normal colon mucosa: results from a randomized clinical trial. In: 2008 American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting. Apr 13, 2008; San Diego, Calif., Abstract 464.) In a second study of some 200 patients, consuming high levels of calcium and vitamin D together appeared to beneficially impact (increase) the expression of a tumor suppressor gene (E-cadherin) and a metabolite thought to be beneficial in cancer surpression (b-catenin). Thus, calcium and vitamin D consumption may have a positive impact on reducing the risk of gastrointestinal cancer. (Thomas, A, et al. Associations of calcium and vitamin D with E-cadherin and b-catenin expression in normal-appearing rectal tissue; markers of adenomatous polyps II (MAP II) case-control study. In: 2008 American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting. Apr 13, 2008; San Diego, CA. Abstract 565.)

Soy Helps Combat Cancer

A research team at the University of Hawaii investigated the relationship of the exposure of legume, soy and isoflavone intake on prostate cancer risk on 82,483 men who completed a detailed, quantitative food frequency questionnaire in 1993-1996 and followed for an average follow-up period of eight years. Among men with the highest intake of legumes, the risk reduction was 11% for total prostate cancer and 26% for non-localized or high-grade cancer, when compared to men with the lowest intake. Similar risk reductions were observed for soy products and for legumes excluding soy products in separate analyses. Soyfoods Association of North America, Kelli J. Dieterich, 202-659-3520, press@soyfoods.org, www.soyfoods.org

CARDIOVASCULAR

In one study, researchers concluded that milk-derived tripeptides have positive effects on the blood pressure of pre-hypertensive and hypertensive subjects. Randomized, controlled trials that assessed the effects of milk-derived tripeptides on blood pressure were analyzed using meta-analysis for better understanding of the relationship between milk peptides and blood pressure. The tripeptides in milk thought to have the positive affect on blood pressure include isoleucine-proline-proline and valine-proline-proline. Research data was extracted from nine original studies, including 12 trials published between 1996-2005, with a total of 623 participants. Two researchers independently used a fixed-effects model for meta-analysis, due to the homogeneity among trials. A statistically significant decrease of 4.8mmHg systolic blood pressure and 2.2mmHg decrease in diastolic blood pressure was shown after compiling the data from these trials. Evidence shows that milk-derived tripeptides have hypotensive effects in those with pre-hypertension and hypertension. (Xu JY, et al. 2008. Effect of milk tripeptides on blood pressure: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Nutrition. 24:933-40.)

A great deal of investigation has been conducted on links between a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease and specific dietary components. Just a small sampling includes cocoa flavanols (antioxidants) and decreased cardiovascular complications in people with type 2 diabetes (Balzer, J, et al. 2008. Sustained benefits in vascular function through flavanol-containing cocoa in medicated diabetic patients: a double-masked, randomized, controlled trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 51:2141-2149); and high consumption levels of tomato products and reduced LDL cholesterol levels and increased LDL resistance to oxidation. The tomato products also had increased blood levels of lycopene, beta-carotene and gamma-carotene (Silaste, M-L, et al. 2007. Tomato juice decreases LDL cholesterol levels and increases LDL resistance to oxidation. Br J Nutr. 98:1251-1258). Also studied was the superiority of low-fat diets as compared to potentially high-fat, low-carb diets for heart health (Phillips, S, et al. Benefit of Low-fat Over Low-carbohydrate Diet on Endothelial Health in Obesity 2008. Hypertension. 51:376-382).

Better Fiber

Viscofiber® is a breakthrough product that provides the highest quality of oat-soluble fiber available today. Viscofiber, a GRAS-affirmed, multi-functional ingredient suitable for functional food and dietary supplements, has an enhanced concentration of soluble fiber (9x more than oat bran). Viscofiber delivers multiple health benefits: improved cholesterol; improved glycemic response and glucose management; and increased satiety for weight- loss formulations. Natraceutical Canada Inc., Carolina Rahikka, +1 780 436 6444, viscofiber@natraceuticalgroup.com, www.viscofiber.com

Loco for Cocoa

Cocoa is one of nature’s most potent resources of flavanols. Flavanols are found to have significant beneficial effects on cardiovascular health, among them the reduction of hypertension (the most suffered long-term illness in the Western world today), blood vessel dilatation and anti-aging. Natraceutical´s CocoanOX is the ideal ingredient to add these natural cocoa polyphenols to functional food and beverages, as the natural cocoa flavanols found within the raw cocoa are preserved to guarantee the highest quantity and quality of flavanols. Natraceutical, Ward Klomp, +34 961920851, ward.klomp@natraceuticalgroup.com, www.natraceuticalgroup.com

A Healthy Heart

PL Thomas introduces Natural Vitamin K2, Menaquinone7™ (MQ7), which has been linked to significant inhibition of calcium accumulation in the arteries. A recent study with over 4,800 participants showed that those with the highest natural K2 consumption (45mcg) had 50% less arterial calcium accumulation and an equal reduction in the risk of cardiovascular events. While reducing calcium in the arteries and capillaries, MQ7 also promotes bone density and inhibits bone loss. MQ7 is a vital part of human nutrition to maintain a healthy heart and healthy bones. PL Thomas, Rodger Jonas, 973-984-0900, ext. 246, Rodger@plthomas.com, www.plthomas.com

Health Solutions

Cargill is utilizing consumer insight, regulatory and scientific expertise to develop and market products that help customers capitalize on the growing demand for healthier, great-tasting consumer packaged goods. Cargill offers a variety of solutions that can help aid in the maintenance of cardiovascular health, such as CoroWise™ Naturally Sourced Cholesterol Reducer™ brand plant sterols; Barliv™ barley betafiber, a concentrated beta-glucan soluble fiber derived from whole-grain barley; Cargill’s SaltWise sodium-reduction system, a proprietary new family of sodium-reduction systems; and Cargill’s Clear Valley solid shortenings, with zero grams of trans fat per serving. Cargill, Nicole Reichert, 952-742-4204, nicole_reichert@cargill.com, www.cargill.com

Natural Beet Fiber

NutraFiber® is a natural dietary fiber made with 100% Sugar Beet Fiber. It is a concentrated fiber with an optimal ratio of soluble and insoluble fibers--1⁄3 soluble, 2⁄3 insoluble. The inclusion of soluble fibers in a healthy diet has shown to lower LDL (bad) cholesterol levels and increase HDL (good) cholesterol levels. Insoluble fibers in a healthy diet act as bulking agents and are an important aid in normal bowel function to help prevent constipation. NutraFiber also increases satiety, reducing appetite while making one feel fuller for a longer period of time. International Fiber Corporation, Colleen Was, 888-698-1936, cwas@ifcfiber.com, www.ifcfiber.com

What a Tomato

Over 50 million Americans are faced with high blood pressure, and this is just one reason why men and women alike are making sure to eat a heart-healthy diet. But, what foods are good for cardiovascular health? Clinical research has shown that greater intake of antioxidant-rich tomatoes is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. All the heart-healthy benefits of tomato are packed into Lyc-O-Mato® natural tomato lycopene complex from LycoRed Ltd., Israel. Lyc-O-Mato is available for soft gel capsules and as a food and beverage fortification ingredient. LycoRed Ltd., Liat Simha, +972-3-9381107, ls@market-targets.com

Easy to Add in Omega-3s

Health professionals and nutritionists agree omega-3 is essential to health and a sense of well-being, at all stages of life. Even though this is well-known, there is still a nutritional deficiency of omega-3 in the American diet. Ocean Nutrition’s MEG-3® ingredient enables food manufacturers to add this important nutrient to food products with no impact on taste, smell or texture of the food product. This MEG-3 ingredient has been included in over 30 food applications around the world, including baked goods, milk, yogurt, bars, juice and more. Ocean Nutrition Canada, Joanna Lane, 902-480-3288, jlane@ocean-nutrition.com, www.ocean-nutrition.com

Reduce Risk with Brown Rice

Brown rice, a 100% whole-grain food, joins the recognized ranks of healthy whole grains approved to bear the whole-grain health claim, according to a recent announcement from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Diets rich in whole-grain foods and other plant foods may reduce the risk of heart disease and some cancers. Rice is highly digestible, non-allergenic and gluten-free. Whole-grain, brown rice contains 15 vitamins and minerals, including B-vitamins, iron, phytonutrients and 2g of fiber per one-half cup of cooked rice. USA Rice Federation, Judy Rusignuolo, 703-236-1453, jrusignuolo@usarice.com, www.MenuRice.com

The Joy of Soy

Soy proteins and natural soy isoflavone extracts have gained considerable attention for their potential role in reducing risk factors of cardiovascular disease. Solbar’s range of soy isolates, functional soy protein concentrates and textured soy concentrates is now available for the U.S. market to meet USDA-FNS regulations for Alternate Protein Products (APP), National School Lunch Program, School Breakfast Program, Summer Food Service Program and Child and Adult Care Food Program. Solbar USA, Fred Kosanke, 847-459-1400, solbarusa@solbar.com, www.solbar.com

Sterols to Combat CVD

With the increase of cardiovascular diseases among developed populations, it is more important than ever to find healthy solutions to combat the disease. WILD Flavors Inc. has teamed with Cognis Nutrition & Health to provide Vegapure® Sterol Esters for the food and beverage industries. Vegapure Sterol Esters help diminish the risk of coronary heart disease by reducing the absorption of cholesterol, thus lowering blood cholesterol levels. WILD offers Vegapure in the forms of a free-flowing oil; a high-potency, water-dispersible powder; and a water-soluble version suitable for RTD beverages. WILD Flavors Inc., Heather Biehl, 859-342-3699, hbiehl@wildflavors.com, www.wildflavors.com

“Whey” Better Health

Studies have shown a diet high in dairy products can reduce risk factors for heart disease. Whey protein, one of milk’s major proteins, contains bioactive components that may positively affect cardiovascular health along with supporting muscle tone, enhancing immunity and offering protection against infections, viruses and some cancers. Cardiovascular and muscle benefits are derived from whey protein’s inhibiting effect on the body’s angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), which influences production of fat cells and moderates blood pressure. Whey protein hydrolysates, in particular, have been successful at lowering blood pressure in hypertensive people. Hilmar Ingredients, Grace Harris, 209-667-6076, info@hilmaringredients.com, www.hilmaringredients.com

Chia for Omegas and Antioxidants

Cultivated by the ancient Aztecs as a high-energy food, chia seed is one of the richest plant sources of omega-3 fatty acids, which have been shown to promote cardiovascular health. It also offers outstanding antioxidant value. Benexia Chia Seed, from Proprietary Nutritionals Inc., is the only chia on the market grown under Good Agricultural Practices and carefully selected under GMP and HACCP quality standards. Benexia is available as a flour or oil, or as bulk, sprouted or milled seed. It incorporates easily into foods, including baked goods, snacks, bars and drink mixes. Proprietary Nutritionals Inc., Dean Mosca, 519-647-2071, dean@pnibrands.com, www.benexia.com

Healthier Alternatives to Sodium

Sodium reduction is believed to help prevent cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension and stroke. ICL Performance Products LP helps food and beverage manufacturers respond to consumers’ demands for sodium reduction with its food phosphates. For baked goods manufacturers, ICL offers the Levona® family of zero-sodium and calcium-rich leavening agents, which include Levona Brio and Levona Opus. Levona Brio and Levona Opus offer healthier alternatives for foods that typically contain sodium-based leavening agents like sodium acid pyrophosphate. Levona leavening acids deliver excellent flavor, volume, texture and overall appearance for baking applications. ICL Performance Products LP, Barbara B. Heidolph, 314-983-7940, barbara.heidolph@icl-pplp.com, www.icl-perfproductslp.com

A Heart-healthy Halo

Promoted and popular primarily for cardiovascular benefits and protection against heart disease by regulating cholesterol levels, extra virgin olive oil is a superior product for health formulas. Rich in oleic acid, a monounsaturated fat, and antioxidants like phenols, carotenoids and vitamin E, extra virgin olive oil, as well as the organic extra virgin olive oil that Arista offers, also has diabetic benefits and helps with weight management, immunity enhancement, digestive health, reducing cancer risk and general health. Extra virgin olive oil has applications in cooking and frying and is included in sauces and salad dressings. Arista Industries Inc., Mary Ann Siciliano, 203-761-1009, ext. 316, maryann@aristaindustries.com, www.aristaindustries.com

Easily Reduce Sodium in Foods

Looking to reduce sodium in processed foods? Innophos offers CAL-RISE®, an easy-to-formulate, sodium-free, calcium-based leavening acid. Ideal for use in reduced- and low-sodium baked goods, additionally, it provides a significant source of calcium with a one-to-one replacement for SAPP 28. Curavis® So-Lo 93 enhances processed meat and poultry without compromising taste, with 93% less sodium than standard sodium phosphates. Innophos Inc., John Brodie, 866-631-7394, john.brodie@innophos.com, www.innophos.com

Lowering Cholesterol
Today, more than 100 million adults in the U.S.--nearly one-third of the population--have high cholesterol. Incorporating ADM’s CardioAid™ plant sterols into foods is an effective way to help consumers lower cholesterol. Evaluated GRAS for approximately 19 categories, CardioAid plant sterols incorporate into a variety of formulations, without compromising taste or texture. Extremely versatile, ADM’s CardioAid plant sterols can be used in everything from mayonnaise and dressings to cereals and fruit juices. Archer Daniels Midland, 800-637-5843, info@admworld.com, www.admworld.com

COGNITIVE HEALTH
One study, conducted by researchers in Taiwan, indicates that a 1.8g dose of omega-3 per day, which provided 1,080mg of EPA and 720mg of DHA, appears to benefit people with mild cognitive decline not due to Alzheimer’s. The researchers recruited 46 people, half with mild or moderate Alzheimer’s disease and half with mild cognitive decline. A 24-week, randomized, double-blind study was conducted with half the group receiving a placebo of olive oil and the other half the omega-3s. Some 35 people completed the study. Using the Clinician’s Interview-based Impression of Change Scale (CIBIC-plus), which measures progression of the illness, the group receiving the omega-3s showed greater improvement than the placebo group over the 24-week follow-up. Although there were no significant changes seen in the cognitive portion of the Alzheimer’s Disease Assessment Scale (ADAS-cog) between the two groups, when considering only those that had mild cognitive impairment, the omega-3 fatty acids group showed significant improvement over the placebo group. “Higher proportions of eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] on RBC membranes were also associated with better cognitive outcome,” the researchers report. (Chiu, CC, et al. 2008. The effects of omega-3 fatty acids monotherapy in Alzheimer’s disease and mild cognitive impairment: a preliminary randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 32:1538-44.)

Eat Cocoa, Be Smarter

Researchers have found that certain compounds in chocolate can improve cognitive function. Chocamine® is a clinically-proven and patented cocoa extract containing these compounds without the added calories, fat or dairy found in chocolate candy. In a pilot clinical study, volunteers using Chocamine reported improved cognitive function in mental acuity, focus/execution, integration between visual and auditory input, reaction time and decision-making. Chocamine is the only cocoa extract that combines the sensory benefits of chocolate with the bioactive compounds in a synergistic blend. RFI Ingredients, Jennifer Diliddo, 845-358-8600, jenniferd@rfiingredients.com, www.rfiingredients.com

DIABETIC BENEFITS

One study conducted by the Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, examined potential benefits of legume and soy food consumption for reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes. The study followed 64,227 Chinese women with no history of diabetes, cancer or cardiovascular disease for an average of 4.6 years. Participants were interviewed for diabetes risk factors, including dietary intake and physical activity. Diets were determined using a food frequency questionnaire, which may incorporate recall errors. Additionally, subjects that developed diabetes may also have changed their diets. Statistical analysis concluded that consumption of legumes, soybeans in particular, was inversely associated with the risk developing diabetes. (Villegas, R. 2008. Legume and soy food intake and the incidence of type 2 diabetes in the Shanghai Women’s Health Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 87:162-7.)

In another study, antioxidant, dietary fiber and magnesium-rich vegetable consumption was shown to reduce diabetes risk by 28%. The Shanghai Women’s Health Study also showed that higher intakes of vegetables with low glycemic indexes were associated with a decreased risk of type 2 diabetes. Using a food frequency questionnaire, the 64,191 women reported on their intake of fruits and vegetables at the beginning of the study and 4.6 years later (at the end). Those with the greatest intake of vegetables had a 28% less chance of developing diabetes compared to those consuming the least. However, fruit consumption (all or any types) had no relationship to risk of diabetes development. The authors theorized that a possible mechanism of how vegetables impact glucose tolerance is related to their high antioxidant, fiber and magnesium levels or low glycemic index content. Nonetheless, after adjusting for vitamins, magnesium and fiber intakes, the authors admitted that vegetables’ benefits could not be explained by just those components and that other compounds such as isoflavones, phytates and lignans may also play a role. (Villegas, R, et al. 2008. Vegetable but not fruit consumption reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes in Chinese women. J Nutr. 138:574-580.)

Improving Sweetness Without Sugar

ERYSTA™ Performance Systems are custom-tailored, erythritol-based sweetener systems consisting of ERYSTA-brand crystalline erythritol together with other polyols and/or sweeteners. These systems can help further reduce calories in formulations as well as minimize laxation concerns associated with some less rapidly absorbed polyols. Other synergistic benefits may include improved sweetness, body, mouthfeel and masking of off-notes. Depending on the sweetener combination, the Performance Systems can help make traditionally sweetened products more diabetic-friendly. They can also be tailored to help deliver functional ingredients, such as calcium, more effectively. Corn Products Specialty Ingredients, 877-567-8501, www.cornproductsus.com

DIGESTIVE HEALTH

Results of a study done on pre-term pigs indicate that probiotics given immediately after birth could reduce the incidence and severity of gut dysfunction and necrotizing entercolitis (NEC). NEC is a serious gastrointestinal inflammatory disease to which pre-term neonates are predisposed. In this University of Copenhagen study, caesarean-delivered, pre-term pigs were given porcine colostrom, formula or formula with probiotics. The probiotics were Bifidobacterium animalis and L. acidophilus, L. casei, L. pentosus and L. plantarum. In addition to measuring NEC scores, other measurements were also taken. Diversity of mucosa-associated bacteria was similar in the small intestine among formula-fed pigs, yet probiotic-fed pigs had lower colonization density of Clostridium perfringens, a potential pathogen. Lower NEC scores were seen in probiotic-fed pigs in addition to increased intestinal weight, mucosa proportion, villus height, RNA integrity, brush border aminopeptidase A and N activities, and lower gastric organic acid concentration. Results suggest probiotics given immediately after birth can benefit pre-term infants by promoting colonization of beneficial bacteria, which in turn leads to reduced incidence of NEC and other associated symptoms. (Siggers, RH, et al. 2008. Early administration of probiotics alters bacterial colonization and limits diet-induced gut dysfunction and severity of necrotizing entercolitis in pre-term pigs. J Nutr.138:1437-44.)

Keeping Regular

NUTRIOSE® is a soluble fiber manufactured by Roquette from either corn or wheat. NUTRIOSE is completely water-soluble, acid- and heat-stable, has excellent dietary tolerance and is a prebiotic. Clinical studies have shown that consumption of NUTRIOSE results in: generation of short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), an increase in the concentration of Lactobacilli and a decrease in the concentration of Clostridium perfringens. The prebiotic effects of NUTRIOSE, in combination with its great functionality in beverages, baked goods, dairy, confectionery and other areas, make NUTRIOSE the perfect functional ingredient. Roquette America Inc., Neelesh Varde, Ph.D., 630-463-9429, neelesh.varde@roquette.com, www.nutriose.com

Reducing the Risk of Disease

Fiber is an important part of a healthy diet and a healthy gastrointestinal tract. Dietary fiber reduces the risk of developing various conditions, such as diverticular disease and constipation, and may have an effect on colon cancer risk. Not to be forgotten, fiber aids in weight control by contributing to the feeling of fullness and lowers the risk for heart disease and diabetes. Canadian Harvest® Oat Fibers and Stabilized Brans and SunOpta Soy Fibers from SunOpta Ingredients Group are an excellent way to answer the call for more fiber. SunOpta Ingredients Group, 800-353-6782, soicustomerservice@sunopta.com, www.sunopta.com/ingredients

Gums for Gluten-free Applications

Gum Technology’s Coyote Brand® Stabilizer ST-101 is an all-natural gum blend, which combines xanthan and guar gums to create a synergistic combination that can replace the gluten functionality in baked goods. Gluten mixed with water will produce an elastic and porous web, which is capable of trapping the gas bubbles that leavening agents produce, allowing the product to rise. The gums in Coyote Brand Stabilizer ST-101 mimic this function. Call 800-369-GUMS for a sample and gluten-free brownie recipe. Gum Technology Corporation, Joshua Brooks, 800-369-4867, info@gumtech.com, www.gumtech.com

Cranberry Combats
H. pylori
New research suggests that cranberry juice can be as effective as probiotics in maintaining good digestive health. A study has found that a regular 6.8oz serving of 25% cranberry juice was as effective as a probiotic in suppressing growth of H. pylori among asymptomatic children. H. pylori is thought to be present in up to 75% of the world’s population. Probiotics and cranberry inhibit H. pylori with natural mechanisms, reducing the risk of the side effects of antibiotics and helping to support a healthy balance of bacteria. Ocean Spray ITG, Tom Jones, 508-946-7606, tjones@oceanspray.com, www.oceansprayitg.com

Versatile Fiber Source

ActiStar™ RT starch is a virtually invisible source of dietary fiber. As an ingredient with good sensorial properties, it can be used in a wide range of food products that contribute to the daily intake of fiber. ActiStar RT starch has low water-binding properties, permitting high inclusion levels with few formulation changes, while maintaining a desirable finished texture. Key applications are breads, rolls, buns, pizza, tortillas, pancakes, biscuits, cookies, cakes, muffins, sweet breads and crackers. Cargill Texturizing Solutions, Cindy Palermo, 952-742-6557, cindy_palermo@cargill.com, www.cargilltexturizing.com

Dried Plums Offer More Than Fiber

For most people, improving digestive health is a matter of taking simple, preventive steps. California Dried Plums are particularly helpful. A single serving (4-5 dried plums) has 3g of fiber, which is important for healthy digestion. In addition to fiber, dried plums also contain naturally occurring sorbitol, antioxidants and a low glycemic index (i.e., 29 +/-4). For food ingredient applications, such as fruit snacks, energy bars and beverages, dried plums come in a variety of forms, including powders, purees and juice concentrates. California Dried Plums, www.californiadriedplums.org

Good Fiber and More

Fibersol®-2, the premier, slow-fermentation soluble dietary fiber, is a digestion-resistant maltodextrin that helps support intestinal health. When formulating products for digestive health, it is critical to meet consumers’ need for a great-tasting product, while using ingredients that are easy-to-use and well-tolerated. Fibersol-2 is tasteless, improves body/texture and combines masking properties and all the benefits of a good fiber with high solubility, a clear and transparent solution, acid- and heat-stability, and very low viscosity. Applications include beverages, processed foods, baked goods, dairy products, dietetic foods and supplements. ADM/Matsutani, 217-451-4377, www.fibersol-2.com

ENERGY AND/OR SPORTS

During a recent University of Texas study of 12 individuals, researchers determined that supplementation of the diet with essential amino acids plus arginine improved lean body mass, strength and physical function. With aging typically comes a gradual decline in all three. This study found improvements in all three factors compared to a baseline, when supplementing elderly subjects with 11g essential amino acids plus arginine twice per day for 16 weeks, without other modifications to diet or activity. The subjects were glucose-intolerant, aged 67.0 +/- 5.6 years, and consisted of seven females and five males. Lean body mass, maximal leg strength and functional tests were performed. Lean body mass increased at 12 weeks, but at 16 weeks, the increase was not as high. The lower extremity strength measure score increased over the 16-week period by an average of approximately 17%. Improvements were also found in gait speed, timed 5-step test and a timed floor-transfer test. (Borsheim E, et al. 2008. Effect of amino acid supplementation on muscle mass, strength and physical function in elderly. Clin Nutr. 27:189-95.)

Another study investigated the effects of green tea (GT) consumption in resistance exercises. For seven days, three times a day, 14 young men consumed either water or green tea (for an average calculated intake of 4.6mg polyphenols per day). They then performed bench press exercises, and their blood was analyzed for a variety of biomarkers of oxidative stress, including total antioxidant capacity according to the ferric-reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) assay, for glutathione (an antioxidant protein) and hydroperoxide. Among other things, green tea consumption was linked to a 64% reduction in lipid hydroperoxide levels and 37% higher glutathione levels. The researchers concluded, “Consumption of GT, a beverage rich in polyphenols, may offer protection against the oxidative damage caused by exercise, and dietary guidance for sports participants should be emphasized.” (Panza, VS, et al. 2008. Consumption of green tea favorably affects oxidative stress markers in weight-trained men. Nutrition. 24: 433-442.)

MCTs Favorable to Athletes

The nutritional benefits of NEOBEE® Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCTs) are a result of their unique metabolic pathway. Rather than being metabolized like conventional saturated or unsaturated long-chain triglycerides (LCTs), MCTs are metabolized like carbohydrates. LCTs must travel through the lymphatic system for distribution to body tissues, while MCTs travel directly to the liver. As a result, MCTs are preferentially burned for energy and, therefore, do not accumulate as fat in the body. Endurance athletes continue to turn to NEOBEE MCTs as a readily available source of energy. Stepan Company, James M. Butterwick, 201-712-7642, food.health@stepan.com, www.stepan.com

Sustained Energy for All

Athletes, fitness buffs or anyone facing a long day at work or school will appreciate the sustained energy release provided by Palatinose (isomaltulose) from BENEO-Palatinit. This unique natural sugar, found in honey and sugar cane juice, comes the closest of any carbohydrate to supplying the human body with continuous energy and even increases the use of body fat as an energy source when exercising. Moreover, it promotes good taste and is kind to teeth. It is an ideal ingredient in energy, sports and wellness drinks, nutrition bars and cereals. BENEO-Palatinit GmbH, Tonja Lipp, 973-539-6644, www.beneo-palatinit.com

Natural Ingredient for Recovery

Bioenergy D-ribose is a naturally occurring, 5-carbon sugar used to stimulate the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which is crucial to health and maintaining normal energy-dependent body functions. Ribose is the backbone of ATP and is proven effective in relieving muscle stiffness and soreness and good for cardiovascular health. A natural, user-friendly ingredient, Bioenergy D-ribose is GRAS, non-GMO, kosher- and halal-certified and dissolves easily in hot or cold solutions. It has a slightly sweet flavor, approximately half that of sucrose. Bioenergy D-ribose is available in over 200 products. Bioenergy Life Science Inc., Kathy Lund, 303-734-0860, www.bioenergy.com

Getting Stronger

Danisco offers an integrated approach to the development of new foods and dietary supplements through the application of sound science and technological innovation. They work with customers to create everyday foods with optimized nutritional profiles, while maintaining excellent taste and texture. An ideal ingredient for sports drink formulations, BetaPower™ Natural Betaine is a purified form of anhydrous betaine that has been shown to improve physical performance, especially strength and power. As an osmolyte, betaine plays a key role in protecting cells against dehydration and stress-related water loss. Danisco Sweeteners, Sarah-Jane Jumppanen, sweeteners@danisco.com, www.danisco.com

EYE HEALTH

Antioxidant compounds were found to benefit people with non-advanced, age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in one study. For 12 months, 27 people with this condition were randomly assigned to take a placebo or a supplement of the carotenoids zeaxanthin (1mg), astaxanthin (4mg) and lutein (10mg), along with the antioxidants vitamin C (180mg) and vitamin E (30mg), as well as zinc (22.5mg) and copper (1mg). The group that received the antioxidant supplement showed improvement in the central retina, but not in the peripheral retina. (Parisi, V, et al. 2008. Carotenoids and antioxidants in age-related maculopathy Italian study: multifocal electroretinogram modifications after one year. Ophthalmology. 115:324-333.)

Intra-ocular hypertension (IOP) increases the risk of glaucoma. One study, sponsored by the marketers of the two dietary supplements under investigation, gave 20 out of 38 participants (all who suffered from IOP) a combination of 80mg of Mirtoselect, a standardized bilberry extract, and 40mg of Pycnogenol, a pine bark extract. The other 18 participants received nothing. In the group receiving the supplementation, IOP was lowered in 19 out of the 20 (only one of the control had a drop in intra-ocular hypertension) and also showed improved ocular blood flood flow in the intervention group. (Steigerwalt Jr, R, et al. 2008. Effects of Mirtogenol on ocular blood flow and intraocular hypertension in asymptomatic subjects. Mol Vis. 14:1288-1292.)

Help for Better Eyesight
The detrimental effects of glaring light on visual function, including visual discomfort and greatly reduced contrast, are common problems for millions of consumers. Lutein and zeaxanthin can help reduce the deleterious effects of glare, improve visual performance and help shield against harmful blue light. Scientific studies show how macular pigment (MP), a diet-derived yellowish pigment found in the central retina and formed by the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin, helps to reduce the harmful effects of glaring lights on visual function. An increase in MP levels can be achieved through regular supplementation of lutein and zeaxanthin. DSM Nutritional Products Inc., www.unlimitednutrition-na.dsm.com

IMMUNITY

Endotoxaemia (a condition characterized by the presence of endotoxins in the blood) contributes to dysfunction of neutrophil antibodies. Researchers at the Institute of Hepatology, University College London, working with patients with alcoholic cirrhosis, hypothesized that probiotics may decrease gram-negative gut organisms, thus decreasing endotoxaemia, which then would help restore neutrophil function. They gave the probiotic Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota (6.5 x 109) to 12 patients with alcoholic cirrhosis three times a day for four weeks. There were two control groups, one with 13 healthy individuals and one with eight cirrhotic patients not receiving probiotics. Liver health was evaluated by measuring neutrophil oxidative burst, phagocytosis, toll-like-receptor expression, plasma cytokines and ex vivo endotoxin-stimulated cytokine production. Although neutrophil phagocytic capacity in patients was significantly lower compared to healthy controls at the beginning of the study, it was returned to normal by the end, while no improvement was seen in the control group with the disease. The researchers concluded that the data provided a “proof-of-concept” that probiotics restore neutrophil phagocytic capacity in cirrhosis, warranting larger, randomized, controlled and mechanistic studies. (Stadlbauer V, et al. 2008. Effect of probiotic treatment on deranged neutrophil function and cytokine responses in patients with compensated alcoholic cirrhosis. J Hepatol. 48:945-51.)

Ingredient Increases Immunity

Wellmune WGP is a unique proprietary and patented ingredient that is clinically proven to enhance the immune system. Designed for use in foods, beverages and supplements, Wellmune WGP is Generally Recognized as Safe under U.S. FDA regulations and approved under Therapeutic Goods Administration in Australia. Wellmune WGP is kosher, halal, non-allergenic and GMO-free. Wellmune WGP is the recipient of a 2007 Innovation Award from the Institute of Food Technologists. Biothera, David Walsh, 651-256-4606, dwalsh@biothera.com, www.biothera.com

WEIGHT

Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) was found to reduce body fat accumulation, but not body weight, when given to 24 piglets in a University of North Carolina study. Childhood obesity is a growing issue and may predispose children to adult obesity. Researchers wanted to observe the effects of CLA on the body composition and lipid metabolism in a piglet model of human infants. For 16-17 days, 24 piglets were fed either low-fat or high-fat diets with 3% or 25% fat, with or without an added 1% CLA. Both groups gained the same amount of weight, but the group fed the low-fat diet ate more formula. The piglets fed the high-fat diet accumulated 50% more body fat during the period than those on the low-fat diet. But, the CLA reduced body fat build-up--regardless of the dietary fat content. The study shows the mechanism of CLA reducing body fat involves the inhibition of fatty acid uptake and synthesis by adipose tissue, not increased fat oxidation in the liver or muscle. Enzymes in adipose tissue, acetyl-CoA carboxylase-alpha and lipoprotein lipase, were found to be significantly less in the CLA treatment group. But in vitro oxidation of palmitate in liver and muscle were not affected by CLA. (Corl, BA, et al. 2008. Conjugated linoleic acid reduces body fat accretion and lipogenic gene expression in neonatal pigs fed low- or high-fat formulas. J Nutr. 138:449-54.)

Adding in Crunchy Crisps

Zumbro River Brand offers extruded soy and multi-grain crisps. These crisps can be produced in an array of protein levels, shapes and sizes. They can be customized to fit customer requirements for nutrition bars, ready-to-eat cereals, confectionery products and baked goods. ZRB continues to develop unique extruded and agglomerated ingredients for the food industry. Zumbro River Brand Inc., Ginny Busch, 507-446-9097, ext. 102, gbusch@zumbroriverbrand.com, www.zumbroriverbrand.com

Look, No Hydrogenation!

A recent report confirms that consumers increasingly value both taste and nutrition when choosing snack foods. The U.S. soybean industry and their partners are working hard to develop oil solutions that will help food manufacturers meet the demand for better-for-you snack options, while maintaining product quality. High-oleic soybean oil is one such solution that will be especially important for snack food applications. High-oleic soybean oil eliminates the need for hydrogenation, resulting in oil with minimal trans fatty acids and food products with zero grams trans fat per serving. United Soybean Board, info@soyconnection.com, www.soyconnection.com

They Won’t Miss the Fat

Weight management is one of the main concerns for many consumers. CNI developed Equacia™, the nutritional texturizer designed to mimic the rheological and mouthfeel properties of fat or sugar, while fortifying products with dietary fiber. Equacia is a co-processed ingredient based on two all-natural fibers: soluble acacia fiber and insoluble, gluten-free wheat fiber. Equacia has been designed to replace 50% of the fat content or more in numerous food applications, with no taste modification, improved texture and extended shelflife. Therefore, the nutritional profile of the finished food product is improved, while its overall formulation cost is significantly reduced. Colloid Naturels Inc., 908-707-9400, samples@cnius.com, www.cniworld.com

Whey Protein Helps with Weight

Weight management is one of the biggest challenges faced by millions of people around the world every day. At Protient, they are committed to developing ingredients, such as whey protein isolates, that are used in food products for both their functionality and satiety qualities. Protient Inc., Cheryl Reid, 613-756-1203, creid@protient.com, www.protient.com

Stable Sugar Replacer

Replacing some or all of the sugar in a product does not mean consumers have to sacrifice taste. SPLENDA® Sucralose has a taste profile similar to sugar, yet is 600 times sweeter than sugar. It is stable in all kinds of processes and environments, and will not lose its sweetness over time, thus helping to ensure that consumers receive a consistent product more of the time. Additionally, it can be used to sweeten products for children, nursing mothers, diabetics or the elderly—an important benefit in today’s label-aware society. Tate & Lyle, 866-653-6622, sucralose.enquires@tateandlyle.com, www.sucralose.com

GENERAL HEALTH
Designing the optimal diet for longevity and increased quality of life is complex for a multitude of reasons. To name just two, lifestyle factors and genetics play an enormous role. And, a dietary regimen to meet one goal may increase risks in another area. For example, one recent study noted that although calorie restriction has been promoted to increase life span, a low-calorie regimen may lead to bone loss that eventually impacts quality of life. Some 46 study participants consumed regular or reduced-calorie diets, with and without exercise, and were then tested for bone mineral density and various serum bone markers. Study results indicated: “Moderate calorie restriction, with or without exercise, which preserves calcium intake for six months, leads to large changes in body composition without significant bone loss in young adults.” (Redman, LM, et al. 2008. Calorie restriction and bone health in young, overweight individuals. Arch Intern Med. 168:1859-66.)

Natural, Low-calorie Sweetener

Talin® (Thaumatin) is wild-harvested from West African rainforests and is a natural, low-calorie flavor promoter, bitterness masker and sweetener. Talin is some 3,250x sweeter than sugar and works well in conjunction with other sweet ingredients, such as polyols and other high-intensity sweeteners, creating a more “sugar-like” taste. Highly effective at modifying flavors, masking bitterness and overcoming the perception of off-tastes, it is excellent for low-calorie, functional and nutraceutical products. Talin is an impressive flavor enhancer; even at low PPM dose levels, significant flavor enhancement can be seen. Overseal Natural Ingredients Ltd., Justine Lord, +44 1283 224221, talin@overseal.com, www.overseal.com

Solutions for Many Health Areas

GTC Nutrition is a recognized leader in providing customized nutrition solutions to the global food, beverage and supplement industries. The company’s portfolio of innovative ingredients supports top consumer concerns in the areas of bone, digestive, glycemic, heart and immune health. NutraFlora® prebiotic fiber provides unique benefits in support of bone, immune and digestive health. Aquamin® natural, calcified mineral source supports bone health. BioAgave™ active agave fiber offers benefits for digestive health. OatVantage™ oat bran concentrate supports heart and glycemic health. GTC Nutrition, Trina O’Brien, 303-216-2489, generalinfo@gtcnutrition.com, www.gtcnutrition.com

Flavor-powered Vegetables

Gilroy Foods & Flavors™ Controlled Moisture (CM)™ Seasoned Vegetables are packed with nutritional power and flavor. The new line of seasoned and flavored varieties adds culinary appeal to vegetables like never before, with ethnic and cook-type varieties including Italian-Marinated Tomatoes, Fajita-Seasoned Peppers & Onions and Caramelized Onions. The proprietary controlled-moisture process reduces up to 50% of the water in vegetables, resulting in nutritional density. In fact, it takes 33% less CM Vegetables to deliver one nutritional serving, when compared to fresh or individually quick-frozen vegetables. Gilroy Foods & Flavors, 800-921-7502, www.gilroyfoodsandflavors.com

Multi-functional Pea Protein

FarMax™785 pea protein isolate from Farbest Brands is an exceptionally clean-flavored, functional, hypo-allergenic vegetable protein. FarMax785 may be used in any application to add protein quality or to function as a water binder or an emulsifier. FarMax785 offers an excellent amino acid profile and is suitable for use in products designed for weight-loss and body-building, due to the high branched-chain amino acid content. FarMax785 can be used to replace soy or other allergenic proteins and can offer significant cost savings. Farbest Brands, Jane Petrolino, 201-573-4900, jpetrolino@farbest.com, farbest.com

Increase Protein and Crunchiness
Breakfast and snack time foods are frequently updated to enhance nutritional value based on today’s consumer demand for great-tasting, on-the-go treats. Incorporating Grande WPCrisp® whey protein crisps into the formulation for breakfast bars, cereals and snack mixes increases the protein value, while maintaining the product’s flavor and crunchiness. In some products, protein crisps replace rice or soy crisps to increase protein, enhance flavor and reduce flavor-masking. Grande WPCrisp also has a clean, mild, milky flavor ideal for dairy-based dessert toppings, making dieting easier for health-conscious consumers. Grande Custom Ingredients Group, Stephen Dott, 920-269-1331, steve.dott@grande.com, www.grandecig.com

Incorporating Superfruits is Simple

Known for their high-antioxidant properties and rich nutrients, Superfruits are being introduced into almost every food and beverage category. Initially, these fruits were only available in specialty stores; as they have increased in popularity, they have become more widely available. Comax Flavors offers a full line of these functional fruit flavors, available in liquid or powdered form; such flavors include Acai, Pomegranate, Noni, Blueberry, Cherry Black Currant, Cranberry and many more. Other flavors, such as Gojiberry, Yumberry and Mangosteen, are available in Comax’s Fruits of Asia line. Comax Flavors, Catherine M. Armstrong, 631-249-0505, carmstrong@comaxflavors.com, www.comaxflavors.com

Be Sure of Halal-certified Products

With recent increases in the international halal food market, food companies are looking for halal-certified ingredients that can be used in developing their halal food products. IFANCA Crescent-M halal certification provides this opportunity to domestic and international food companies. IFANCA’s halal-certified products are acceptable all over the world, especially in Southeast Asia and the Middle East. IFANCA can also assist in finding halal-certified food ingredient suppliers. IFANCA, Muhammad Munir Chaudry, 847-993-0034, ext. 203, m.chaudry@ifanca.org, www.ifanca.org

Good-tasting, Healthy Foods

Making the tastes people love healthier, taste for life® is the new wide-ranging product palette of Symrise flavor concepts. taste for life flavor concepts turn products into healthy foods with the tastes that consumers love! LIGHTEN UP™--creating full-flavored irresistible foods that are lower in sugar, salt and fat. BE NATURAL™--the widest range of natural flavors for authentic natural tastes and clean labels. GET ACTIVE™--for functional foods, masking is not just hiding off-tastes. It also means standing out with vital new flavors. Symrise, 800-422-1889, www.Symrise.com

More Fruit, with Extracts and Powders

The VITA™ line of fruit and vegetable powders and extracts delivers potent antioxidant phytonutrients that have a variety of health benefits--from improved mental and cardiovascular health to mitigating cancer-causing oxidative stress. Each product and blend is standardized and tested to consistently deliver the maximum benefits. Consumers understand fruit, vegetables and antioxidants are good for them--give them the best with Vita brand. FutureCeuticals, Colleen Zammer, 815-472-6853, ext. 43, czammer@vandrunen.com, www.futureceuticals.com

Bread for Heart Health

Ocean Nutrition Canada Limited (ONC), supplier of MEG-3® brand omega-3 EPA/DHA from fish oil to the food and dietary supplement industries, is pleased to announce that Arnold® Bread has launched a new bread formulated to improve heart health. The Grains & More Double Omega bread serves up 50mg of the MEG-3 omega-3 EPA/DHA ingredient made from fish oil per two slices. Each slice also contains 20g of whole grains for added fiber and protein. The bread is available in the U.S. under the Arnold and Brownberry brand names. Ocean Nutrition Canada Ltd., Joanna Lane, 902-480-3288, www.ocean-nutrition.com

Fewer “Senior Moments”

Enzymotec is pleased to announce the promising results of a clinical trial utilizing its Sharp-PS™. This trial was an open-label study in which 30 elderly subjects with memory complaints were treated with Enzymotec’s Sharp-PS for 12 weeks. The results show that treatment with Sharp-PS improved memory and attention parameters. This trial was conducted by Enzymotec, which develops and produces novel, lipid-based ingredients, including CardiaBeat™, offering a broad health effect to reduce CVD risks, Sharp-PS and Sharp-PS GOLD for improving cognitive performance, and InFat™ for balanced nutrition for babies and toddlers. Enzymotec, www.enzymotec.com

Can’t Tell Its Not Real Salt

A new salt substitute called KCLean™ Salt from Wixon Inc. is unlike any other salt substitute on the U.S. market, because it not only cuts the sodium content of regular table salt in half, but matches the taste of salt and retains its texture, functionality and mouthfeel. KCLean Salt is a unique combination of potassium chloride and sodium chloride and a natural, proprietary, flavor blend from Wixon’s line of Mag-nifique™ Flavor Technologies. This special blend eliminates the typical metallic flavor or aftertaste usually associated with potassium chloride and gives KCLean Salt its distinctive table-salt flavor. Wixon Inc., Kim Holman, 414-978-6117, Kim_Holman@wixon.com, www.wixon.com

The Flexible Wild Blueberry

Wild blueberries are a winning choice for new product development because of their antioxidant power, extraordinary taste, superior performance, unique small size and outstanding marketing appeal. Number one in antioxidants according to USDA studies, wild blueberries have been linked to a wide range of potential health benefits, from promoting brain and heart health to combating cancer and Alzheimer’s disease. Wild blueberries are available year-round in a variety of forms, including frozen, dried, powder, extract or concentrate. The Wild Blueberry Association of North America (WBANA) is a trade association of wild blueberry growers and processors, dedicated to bringing the wild blueberry health story and unique wild advantages to consumers and the trade worldwide. Wild Blueberry Association of North America, 207-570-3535, wildblueberries@gwi.net, www.wildblueberries.com NS