California Raisins and Diabetic Nutrition
Raisin consumption may lower postprandial glucose and blood pressure levels
Research suggests California Raisins — an all-natural, dried-by-the-sun, no-sugar added fruit — may positively affect glucose levels and systolic blood pressure among people with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).1
"Raisins are excellent food choices for most individuals, including those with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)," said James W. Anderson, MD, Professor of Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, Emeritus, University of Kentucky.
In 2014, the Centers for Disease Control reported that 29.1 million Americans have diabetes. That accounts for 9.3% of the US population, and nearly 30% of these are undiagnosed cases. Additionally, another 86 million Americans are thought to have pre-diabetes.2 Given the magnitude of the diabetes problem, and knowing that the nutritional quality of foods is one factor that influences glucose levels and cardiovascular disease risk among patients with T2DM, a first-of-its kind study was conducted with California Raisins and patients with T2DM.3
This 12-week study among 51 individuals with T2DM found that regular consumption of raisins — as compared to a variety of snack crackers — positively impacted both glucose levels and systolic blood pressure. The research, published in The Physician and Sportsmedicine journal, revealed study participants who consumed one ounce of raisins three times a day for the duration of the study, as compared to a group that ate a comparable amount of snack crackers, were shown to have:
• 23% reduction in postprandial (post-meal) glucose levels • 19% reduction in fasting glucose • A significant reduction (8.7 mmHg) in systolic blood pressure These findings build on an earlier study where 46 men and women with pre-hypertension were randomly assigned to snack on raisins or pre-packaged commercial snacks that did not contain raisins or other fruits or vegetables, three times a day for 12 weeks. While cardiovascular disease is affected by various factors, the results indicated that eating raisins three times per day:
• May significantly lower blood pressure among individuals with pre-hypertension when compared to other popular snacks.4 • May significantly lower postprandial (post-meal) glucose levels when compared to other popular snacks of equal caloric value.5
1,3 Bays, H., et. al. A Randomized Study of Raisins Versus Alternative Snacks On Glycemic Control and Other Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. The Physician and Sportsmedicine; 2015.
1,3 Anderson, J.W. et. al. Raisins Compared with other Snack Effects on Glycemia and Blood Pressure: A Randomized, Controlled Trial. Post grad Med 2014:126:37-43.
2 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National diabetes statistics report: estimates of diabetes and its burden in the United States, 2014. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014.
4 Bays, H., et. al. Raisins and Blood Pressure: A Randomized, Controlled Trial. Poster session presented at: American College of Cardiology's 61st Annual Scientific Session; 2012 March 24- 27; Chicago, IL.
5 Bays, H., et. al. Raisins and Blood Glucose: A Randomized, Controlled Trial. Poster session presented at American Diabetes Association's 72nd Annual Scientific Session; 2012 June 8-12; Philadelphia, PA.