Conflicting sources of information about food and nutrition and confusing label claims make it difficult for families to navigate grocery aisles around the world according to a new global survey sponsored by the Enough Movement. Key findings showed that people across the globe care about what goes in their food and on their tables, but even the most diligent consumer admitted they don't really know the meaning of many food labels, the differences in farming methods like organic and conventional and the environmental impact.
"The farm-to-table movement has revealed that we all want to know what's in our food and where it comes from," said registered dietitian Susan Finn, PhD, RD, FADA. "But it's hard to separate fact from fiction when it comes to food labels, farming practices, and other food production topics. Distinguishing myth from reality can make a big difference in the choices families make about nutrition, household budgets and environmental impact."
Key findings include:
Food labels are one of the most confusing topics for consumers.
Two-thirds of survey respondents report buying "all natural" or organic foods motivated by a perception that they are healthier and safer. In fact, 99% of organic purchasers expressed confidence in their understanding of the organic label. Yet the data shows a significant gap between their perceptions of what it actually means.
The main motivation consumers report for buying organic – 82% – is because they believe organic foods to be pesticide free. Organic does not mean pesticide free. Organic farmers may use a variety of chemical sprays and powders on their crops manufactured from natural sources, including substances like boron, copper sulfate and pyrethrin1 similar to the synthetic versions used in modern farming.
Two-thirds of consumers buy organic because they believe them to be more nutritious. However, a landmark meta-analysis from Stanford University, which compiled data from 237 studies, concluded that there was no health or nutrition difference found between conventional and organically produced food.
No Added Hormones and No Antibiotics were other confusing labels. More than 60% of consumers thought No Added Hormones meant there were no hormones in products with that label, while another 25% thought products with this label were higher quality. Meanwhile, about one-third of consumers believed antibiotic free meant non-labeled products contained antibiotics.
All living things contain hormones – people, plants, animals, and therefore the food we eat.
There are no added hormones used in pork or poultry production3 around the world, even though about three-quarters of consumers surveyed believe they are.
In beef and dairy production, hormone levels in food from animals supplemented with hormones are nearly identical to those that aren't. And, hormones in naturally hormone-rich foods like cabbage and soy contain far higher levels than meat, milk and eggs.
Regardless of whether an animal was sick and treated with an antibiotic or was raised entirely without antibiotics, the food you buy is free from any harmful antibiotic residue. Testing ensures it.
Consumers are confused about modern agriculture, farming, and food production.
Modern, organic, industrial, family farm. Consumers have a lot of questions about how food is raised and how farmers care for animals and our resources.
More than half of survey respondents (52%) believe that the majority of farms are run by corporations.
In the United States, 97% of farms are family owned and 88% are small family farms.6 The%age of family-owned farms globally is 90%.
Nearly 70% of survey respondents choose organic foods because they believe they're better for the environment.
Organic farming produces less food – about 25% less on average. It requires significantly more land and resources to produce the same yield as modern farming methods. For example, to have raised all U.S. crops as organic in 2014, farmers would have required an additional 109 million acres of land, about the size of California.
While organic methods use less fertilizer, herbicides and energy, modern farming methods resulted in less soil erosion. In fact, modern farming practices are often the most environmentally sustainable, using innovation to decrease the amount of land, feed and water to raise meat, milk and eggs today.
Food waste and loss is a top concern among survey respondents.
91% of people surveyed believe the number one way to eliminate hunger globally is to eliminate food waste.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 30 to 40% of food is lost in production each year10 making it a significant challenge. But, food waste is more than just veggies wilting in the fridge, and occurs across the entire production system. In animals, more than 20% of production is lost to death and disease, regardless of production system11. Best management practices and tools that help keep animals healthy are critically important to this challenge, as are making shopping decisions that support sustainable farming.
"The survey results underscore just how critical it is for more people to understand what goes on behind the scenes with their food," said Janice Wolfinger, agriculture educator and farmer. "As a farmer, animal health and well-being is a top priority and we do everything we can to ensure that our animals are healthy. And as a mother, I choose to purchase foods that were grown using conventional food methods for a variety of reasons, but most importantly because I know that they're safe for my family and they're a better fit for our budget."
Based on the survey, the ENOUGH Movement is sharing the "Truth About Food," a program to bring accurate, fact-based information to spark discussion and dispel misunderstanding. Information about the campaign can be found at www.enoughmovement.com/truth-about-food.